Determine the purpose of reading

This is a very important issue. XI Povarlin said: “The method of reading depends on the purpose, and is determined entirely by the end”. The purpose of reading will govern the entire reading process. Determining the purpose of reading will help you avoid reading rampant, wasting effort and time. Reading purpose also helps you have a reasonable reading method, suitable for the task and the time available for reading.

Determining the purpose of reading a book is to answer the question: “What is reading for?”. From there, the question can be answered: “What book, where, and how to read it?”.

The purpose of reading a book also determines the direction of exploiting the problem in the same book. For example, when reading Nguyen Du’s Tale of Kieu, if you have a friend who loves poetry, you will find ways to express things and phenomena in poetry and good hexagonal verses; Have you learn about the life of Kieu and the plot; have friends over there to understand cultural life, customs, practices, feudal rites; Some of you find yourself criticizing the prejudices and laws that oppress women… Therefore, clearly defining the purpose of reading is the first important thing for each of us.

Find out the address of the book

You read the first and last two pages of the book to know:

– The title of the book.

– The writer’s name.

– Publisher’s name.

– Publishing year.

– Times of publication.

You should not take this action lightly. The above information will help you a lot.

You have just finished reading a good book, you meet a close friend and chat with this friend about the book. But when your friend asks for the title of the book and the author’s name so that you can read it, you can’t remember it, and you can’t answer it. Have you ever been in this situation? If so, then surely you have skipped the seemingly useless operation above.

Not only that, this information is also very convenient when you go to buy books and find books in the library. You will provide information about the book you are looking for to the bookstore staff or librarian, and they will help you find the book easily. Standing in front of bookshelves with no idea what books are, without the above information, how can you find the book you need. Aren’t you?

See the table of contents

The book’s table of contents reflects the general and simple outline of the content, and sometimes even its logical outline. This step helps you answer the question: “What are the contents of the book, in what order?”.

See the introduction, foreword, foreword

You read the introduction or preface to know what the book is about, who uses the book most usefully and how to read it effectively.

Preface written by the author of the book. Through the preface, you can easily understand the author’s intention, visualize in general the basic problem mentioned and its effects; the author’s intended purpose of the book; know the most important issue the book will cover. Sometimes, through the prologue, you even get advice from the author on how to read and research the book.

See the conclusion and summary at the end of the book

The purpose of looking at the book’s conclusion and summary is to see clearly the succinct content, the main conclusions, and the author’s assertions on the issues presented. At the same time, through the conclusion and summary, you also see the problems that have not been fully resolved, the direction of their continued development.

As a rule, the author must write a conclusion and summary at the end of the book. But now it is not clear why some authors ignore this work.

Read some passages

Once you have information about the content and purpose of the book, you will directly dig into the content by reading through several passages, discovering interesting, valuable passages. By reading through a few such passages, judgments about the content of the book will gradually be accurate, creating conditions for later reading.

Real reading (or deep reading)

In order to acquire the necessary knowledge and achieve the purpose of reading, you need to study the book deeply. This job requires you to have reading skills. Reading technique is your ability to occupy your knowledge and reading skill level. Reading technique depends on the purpose of reading, expressed by reading.

Here are some reading methods, you can refer to and choose according to your own reading purposes.

Skim reading

To generalize the initial concepts and its contents in the book. For those who are gifted, just by skimming, you can grasp the most important things such as main ideas, main events… When skimming, you can skip some pages, certain paragraphs, or stop at some pages. , some paragraph. This reading is used when reading to find out a certain issue that has been prepared, needs further clarification or confirmation; or find different expressions for a certain problem.

Focused Reading (or Partial Reading)

It is a way of reading each paragraph, each part has been selected in advance to focus energy and time on the necessary content, for a prepared job.

Read the whole thing, but don’t think about it

This reading is intended to give an overview of the entire book, not to go into specific content. When reading, do not skip any page nor stop to reflect on any content, but just see, it has been discussed, and to what extent. With books we don’t know trends, ideas, values… can also be read this way.

Read the contents of the book thoughtfully

This is the most important reading, the most necessary in self-study to fully comprehend the content of the book. Each content, each issue is carefully examined, compared with knowledge, experience and other books on the issues mentioned in it. The ideological contents of the book are fully and deeply appreciated by readers.

Passive reading

Same with full reading or skimming, but readers completely follow the author’s lead, accept it completely, take it as a dogma; see and consider the problem through the eyes of the author.

Active reading

It is a way of reading that when considering the ideas the book mentions, the reader always compares and evaluates it. Any acceptance or objection is based on the reader’s evaluation and comparison with knowledge and experience; perceived according to their worldview and feelings. From those perceptions, draw necessary conclusions for the reader himself.

Shallow reading

Only exploiting the content and ideas of the book at the level of general acceptance or criticism, but not yet showing thorough study of the book. When reading entertainment books, this reading method is appropriate and saves effort.

Deep reading

Reading is a way of reading that requires deep contemplation of the content of a book in order to thoroughly understand and critically grasp the ideas that the book deals with. This is also an important reading used in self-study.

Positive thinking when reading

Reading books without positive thinking is just a useless waste of time. Positive thinking when reading is always visualizing the ideas in the book into symbols and images in your head; Compare and contrast them with each other and with existing knowledge. From there, the main and the non-essential can be discovered; the essential and the non-essential, draw conclusions for yourself. On that basis, you will have a new look, a whole new perspective and a new quality.

Reading with a positive mindset is through which something must be drawn from the content of the book, additional knowledge and experience for oneself. Need to avoid one-way reading, lazy thinking, lazy taking notes; passive reading, all-acceptance, machine learning.

If you always think positively while reading, you will feel you really “grow up” with every page.

Concentrate your attention when reading books

Focused attention is the effort, trying to direct the whole mind continuously on reading in order to think clearly, think positively, and quickly remember what is learned while reading. This is a difficult job, requiring you to have a passion, energy and a clear purpose.

Don’t stray from the book’s content; do not pay attention to the minutiae such as printing style, words… Try not to let other work, outside influences distract the thinking process while reading. When you have a problem you don’t understand, don’t be discouraged. Try to think or record to find out later.

Practice for proper reading technique

Reading techniques include organizing, determining reading methods and reading operations. The first step in organizing reading is to arrange, arrange and ensure favorable conditions for effective reading.

– You should try to choose a suitable reading place to be able to concentrate high and continuously.

Avoid noisy, changing or too dark places.

The reading place also needs to be cool, clean and tidy.

– Do not read books in a lying position, easy to affect memory. It is best to read at the writing desk, sit comfortably, keep the book at eye level.

– Pens, notebooks and other necessary tools are kept nearby, so that they can be accessed immediately when needed.

Some points to note to help read books more effectively

Read with your eyes and brain, not with your mouth.

– Avoid reading jumping back too much.

Vertical eye movement while reading.

– Read with variable speed: Read the important passage slowly, read carefully; If the paragraph is not important, read quickly, skim.

– Try to understand the meaning of the whole paragraph, do not pay attention to the word, to the sentence.

– Practice reading quickly, grasping and quickly grasping the main and basic of the problems presented in the book.