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Educational Psychology, Objectives, importance and Methods of Research

 Educational Psychology

Educational psychology is one of the most important disciplines and trends in psychology, due to its role in studying the behavior and temperament of teachers and learners of students and those interested in learning at their different levels and institutions in which they work or the stages they take or teach in, and is based on the study of Personal and collective behavior and the causes of this behavior and its analysis in terms of social, material, intellectual level and other factors to find out ways to control it and treat unsatisfactory trends and predict behavior, to achieve quality in the process of communication and education in accordance with educational controls and aspirations. 

Educational Psychology
Educational Psychology

 

Educational psychology is defined as the science specialized in studying behavior, tendencies, and psychological symptoms within the educational environment to achieve both educational and educational goals. Studies in this specialization focus on teachers or supervisors in the educational corps and the impact of their behavior and the impression they leave. On the students and learners, and their abilities to build personality and relationships within the classroom framework, and on the other hand, it is concerned with studying and measuring the characteristics of students in terms of the level of intelligence, absorptive capacity and their social impact, and the relationship of all this to tendencies, behavior, personality, and positive influences or Negativity, this science in a nutshell is defining the principles of the teacher’s work, the foundations of teaching, the relationship between them, the interactions between them, and the role of facts, experience, and teaching techniques on all of that. 

                                                                     

Educational psychology differs from general psychological sciences in its interest in human issues and behaviors in the educational field and not others, while benefiting from the basics and principles of psychology in the rest of the psychological specializations.

Educational psychology is based, as we mentioned, on a set of interests that it researches, and directs studies to it with the aim of achieving results that serve the human element in the educational field, and among these interests:

Behavior at the educational level for the various groups working in this field. 

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Obstacles to education within the school domain and ways to address them according to educational laws and regulations.

The impact of the teaching curricula on behavior and emotions and assessing their quality.

Educational guidance and its impact on teachers and students.

The role of psychological counseling in the educational domain.

Training programs for teachers to deal with different behaviors.

The impact of educational institutions in psychological counseling on learning correct habits and behaviors.

Teaching and educational strategies.

- Evaluating behaviors and mentalities with difficult or abnormal tendencies and evaluating their effects.

Human relations between learners and its impact on the social environment.

The goals of educational psychology

Like any other science or specialty, educational psychology is based on a set of goals that it always seeks to work towards achieving. These goals in the general framework are of a purely human nature based on the study in the educational environment. Among the most important of these goals in educational psychology are:

Recognizing human behavior from the reflections of situations in the framework of the school or educational institution. 

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Analyzing and interpreting the problem through observation and study of the factors affecting it.

- Identifying the root of the problem and identifying its causes through repetitive relationships and behaviors. 

                                                                        

Laying the foundations to help achieve the goals of the educational process, and support teachers to achieve their goals in building personality and evaluating behaviors.

Achieving the best possible educational level based on educational psychology research and studies and its impact on educational achievement.

Creating prior knowledge and predicting behavior, which is reflected in determining the curricula and the quality of education for each level.

- Develop teachers' abilities to solve problems on their own and make decisions responsibly.

Achieving the elements of motivation and motivation for the learner to learn and acquire knowledge.

Building an ideal generation based on the cognitive and educational capabilities of teachers.

The ability of teachers to direct activities and events appropriate to their behavior. 

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The importance of educational psychology

- Controlling individual behavior and controlling abnormal behaviors by studying and predicting them.

Understanding mentalities and tendencies through relationships within the school domain.

Understand the needs of students by teachers and work to achieve them.

- Raising the efficiency and ability to achieve among learners by studying the factors affecting the learner's psychology.

- Focusing on the learner and knowing the effects of the phenomenon and explaining it as a starting point for modifying and avoiding it.

Setting controls for educational processes according to educational psychology studies.

- Develop solutions to the obstacles and difficulties facing the teaching operations.

Strengthening the role of the teacher in building classroom relationships between learners with each other and with teachers.

Laying the foundations for the ideal educational curricula. 

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- Exclusion of fallacy educational studies and the definition of accurate solutions and educational research.

Introducing the basic principles of educational psychology, and the proofs directed to achieving ideal behaviors.

Research methods in educational psychology.

As we mentioned, educational psychology is a human science, and therefore it is a diverse and different science according to different mentalities, cultures, and habits, and it is related to educational and educational problems and obstacles. Research methods in educational psychology.

Experimental method:

The study of the relationship between behavior and achievement can be numerically determined, although it is not tangible, but it is a way to achieve results in educational psychology studies, and this method is characterized by accuracy. 

                                                                         

Notice method:

Which is considered the first step in studying the intended sample and determining the phenomenon according to the causes and variables and achieving the results. 

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Scanning method:

This method is based on survey studies of statistics, questionnaire and interviewing by selecting a sample and studying it, and depending on the collection of information, hypotheses can be developed to reach the results.

Test method:

One of the most important methods of study in educational psychology, which is based on a set of tests to measure standards, human behaviors, tendencies and trends, and according to which the results are developed

 

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