About Study in Germany
If you are looking for a combination of high-quality education with practical experience in the desired field, in addition to cultural expertise, then Germany is the ideal choice. What we mentioned earlier is the main reason why thousands of foreign students come to Germany every year from all parts of the world. According to winter statistics 2018/2019, the number of foreign students in Germany has reached 394,665
If you plan to travel to Germany with the intention of studying, you must first know the most important reasons that may push you to do so:
- Benefit from an advanced, high-quality educational system : You certainly dream of a job of a lifetime, and to achieve this you must obtain a distinguished education and this is what you will find in German universities with nearly 19,000 general academic programs, of which 1500 international study programs for foreign students are in English (in case you are not She did not want to study in German.) German universities are distinguished by their combination of theory and practical practice, in order to obtain the best experience.
- Learn a new language : by making new friends while studying with other students and by living and communicating with the German people.
- Experience an amazing life and discover a new culture : German universities have very low tuition fees and sometimes completely free.
- Great opportunities to work in Germany after graduation.
- The cost of living in Germany is fairly reasonable : an average of between 720-850 euros per month, including housing, food, transportation, health insurance, the cost of the internet, phone, internet and leisure activities.
The best German universities
It is not surprising to hear that many German universities are ranked in the top 100 universities around the world due to the quality of education offered by German universities. The following are the five best German universities that enter the top 100 universities according to the classification: Times Higher Education THE :
- Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, ranked 32nd in the world.
- Technische Universität München ranked 44th in the world.
- Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, ranked 47th in the world.
- Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, ranked 67th in the world.
- Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg University is ranked 76th in the world.
The cost of studying in Germany
The most important thing that distinguishes studying in Germany is that it is free in public universities for international and European students as well. You may be wondering why education is free in Germany? The answer is really interesting. The Germans believe that education should not be treated as a commercial commodity, but on the contrary, it should be provided to everyone in order to ensure the well-being and growth of the population. On the other hand, the German government has realized that with free education, smart minds are being attracted, and this is what guarantees the country’s prosperity.
|Study in Germany Free|
Not long ago, the German government tried to impose a small fee on students, equivalent to 1,000 euros, but protests quickly erupted against this measure, and the legislation was quickly repealed in 2014.
Today there are few German private universities that charge tuition fees for students. Below is a list of the most important free public universities:
- University of Cologne
- Ludwig Maximilians University Munich
- Goethe University Frankfurt
- RWTH Aachen University
- University of Münster
- Ruhr University Bochum
- University of Duisburg-Essen
- University of Hamburg
- FAU Erlangen-Nuremberg
- Technical University of Munich
- University of Würzburg
It should be noted that the region of Baden-Württemberg, Baden-Württemberg in southeast Germany is the only state that charges fees for students from outside the European Union and the value is around 3000 euros per year.
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Housing and cost of living
The issue of finding housing is one of the most difficult issues for a foreign student in Germany, due to the difficulty of dealing with the local population and the lack of knowledge of the best areas to rent. First of all, you must determine your monthly budget for renting the place, and whether you want to live alone or with someone in the apartment, and after that the area must be determined (perhaps near your university). After that, the following documents must be specified in order to complete the lease contract:
- A copy of your passport.
- Salary statement or current bank account : The apartment owner asks you to provide a statement of your salary, which you can obtain from the company you work for (in case you work) or you can show your bank account statement for the last 3 months to prove your ability to pay the rent.
- A document proving the commitment to pay : If this is your first time in Germany, you will not need this document, but if you rented before, you must obtain this document that proves your commitment to pay the monthly rent in the places where you previously lived.
- Guarantee : Sometimes the landlord asks you to name a sponsor to pay the rent for you in case you fail to pay for certain reasons.
Now that you know the documents necessary to rent the place, it is necessary to start the house search process. Here is a list of some German websites specialized in this matter:
- Real Estate Scout 24
- Mr Lodge
- Housing exchange
And if you want to rent on your own without returning to these sites, you can tell your friends and acquaintances that you need housing, in which case the landlord will not be concerned about finding a new tenant, and the guarantee will be greater for him.
Now we come to the most important point, which is the cost of housing. The cost varies, of course, between small and large cities, between the suburbs and the city center. Generally, the cost of renting a room ranges between 290 and 560 euros per month, and this number increases in large cities such as: Cologne, Munich, Hamburg and Frankfurt. If you want to rent a large apartment, the cost is about 1,300 euros per month, while a one-bedroom apartment has a rent of about 700 euros in cities, and this amount drops to about 530 euros outside.
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As for the cost of living, Germany is considered one of the affordable countries to live in compared to its European counterparts, and it is even cheaper compared to countries such as: Switzerland and the Scandinavian countries. Here is a table showing the average cost of living with an expense breakdown:
|Monthly Average (EUR)||Consumption area|
|168||Food and drinks|
|94||Travel and mobility|
|80||Health insurance and medical supplies|
|31||The phone, the Internet, the television|
|61||Entertainment and cultural activities|
Conditions for studying in Germany
Now that you have learned about the advantages and costs of studying in German universities, it is necessary for you to know the conditions that must be fulfilled for registration in a German university, which are:
- Language requirements : If you intend to study a bachelor’s degree in German, you must pass the university entrance exams, and there are two types of exams: (DSH, German language examination for university entrance) and TestDaF exam. For the master’s and doctoral degrees, there are various study programs in English, in which case you will need to prove your knowledge of the language through tests such as IELTS or TOEFL. Each university requires a different score for the two tests.
- Certified copies (and translated into German or English) of the following documents : school certificate, university diploma, and transcript. In addition to any certificates your file has been destroyed.
- A copy of the passport, including the personal information page.
- Registration fee : Some universities sometimes charge registration fees, usually a nominal one.
Note : There are two dates to start studying in Germany: early winter and early summer. Registration for the winter semester ends on July 15, and for the summer semester, registration ends on January 15.
Conditions for study visa in Germany
If you decide to study in Germany, you must apply to the German embassy in your country to obtain a student visa for travel, after you obtain university admission from the university you want to study in. Generally, the conditions for obtaining a study visa in Germany are as follows:
- A valid passport.
- health insurance.
- Proof of having a bank account to finance living in Germany.
- All previous academic certificates, in addition to the language certificate.
- Acceptance letter from the educational institution.
A very important note : To increase your chance of obtaining a student visa, open a blocked account, which is a type of bank account that international students use to deposit their money for first-year costs there. According to the data for 2020, the student must deposit a total amount of 10236 euros in his account before travel, at the rate of 853 euros per month.
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Grants to Germany
For European students, the Erasmus + programs are the most suitable for finding the appropriate funding for their studies. As for students of other nationalities, it is preferable to review the famous scholarship database DAAD . In this rule, you can specify the country, the major to be studied, the language of study, and other other data, and start searching. In terms of conditions for applying for grants, there are several general requirements, which are:
- Recommendation letters : These are letters that you can receive from someone with whom you have an academic relationship (such as your professor at school or university) or a professional relationship as your manager at work.
Motivation letter: stating your reasons for applying for funding, choosing Germany specifically, your desire to study a major, and how it will help you in your academic and professional future (and other other points).
- Language : If you want to study in German, you must present a certificate of proficiency in the German language (usually B1 level). If you want to study in English, you must possess an IELTS certificate (score of 6) or TOEFL (score of 550 for the paper-based test, 213 for the computer exam, 80 marks for the Internet test).
- Experience certificate : The scholarship requires a certificate of experience (in your major or in other fields) with a period of not less than two years as one of the conditions for application.
Student housing in Germany
This option provides an international student with the opportunity to mix with international students and take part in recreational activities on the weekends. This option is more economical compared to rent, as the cost of renting a room in university housing is around 240 euros.
Work as a student in Germany
International students often work alongside their studies to cover some study and living costs. In Germany, there are two work options for foreign students:
Partial work as a student in Germany
Partial business includes the following areas:
- private teacher.
- Service crews at trade fairs.
- Hotel room service.
- Accountant in cafes, nightclubs and restaurants.
- Delivery of orders in fast food restaurants.
- Postman or magazine and newspaper distributor.
- Care of the elderly.
In addition to the above, students can find work on campus, such as libraries and committees for coordination with foreign students.
Training is a short-term job opportunity where a student can join a company if he shows some skills. These opportunities usually last from several weeks to 5 or 6 months and are often of little return but very useful in building the basis for your future experience.
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In both cases, it is necessary to know the labor laws for foreign students, as the number of hours a foreign student is allowed per week to work is determined, which is usually 20 hours. The annual permitted period is 120 full days. If you want to work more hours, you must obtain permission from the local employment agency and the foreigners’ registration office.
Regarding the financial return from part-time work, it depends largely on your experience, the region and the sector in which you want to work, but the overall average is 9.17 euros per hour. Here it is very important to know that if the student’s income from part-time work reaches a value of more than 450 euros, then part of the salary will start with tax deduction.
Social life and leisure activities in Germany
As we mentioned earlier, Germany is a country of science, innovation and culture, in addition to that the German economy is one of the largest global economies, which makes it a destination not only for students but also for all expatriates, as the beauty of German nature, the presence of dozens of castles and the beauty of architecture plays a big role when it comes to attracting Expatriates.
If you want to integrate into German social life, the first thing you need to learn is to stick to deadlines. Then you can start making friends with the Germans. Although the Germans seem at first glance unfriendly, but after you get close to them, you will find that they are a very friendly and loving people for international students.
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As a foreign student, you will find many entertainment activities and great festivals, especially in large cities such as Berlin, Frankfurt and Munich, and the Oktoberfest is perhaps the most famous among the festivals there. This festival runs from the end of September to the beginning of October every year in Munich. This festival includes dozens of entertainment events, games, beer drinking and concerts, and it is attended by millions from all over the world, so it may be an opportunity to make new friends there.
Health insurance in Germany
Like other universities, German universities require the student to present a health insurance document upon registration at the university to obtain residency. For citizens of European countries, they have the right to apply for health insurance in their countries before traveling and show it to the university in Germany, and for students from outside the European Union, the cost of public health insurance documents is about 80 euros per month.
In general, health insurance guarantees exemption from the costs of medicines and medical care, in addition to general medical examinations and hospital stay. You can view the insurance companies and the various services they provide here.
Safety in Germany
Most international students prefer to stay in Germany after completing their studies in order to settle, work and live in Germany. This confirms that there is general satisfaction with life in Germany and that it is a safe country. In terms of global rankings, Germany is ranked 22 out of 163 countries for safety according to the 2019 Global Peace Index rankings.
In general, and in recent times, the fact that no country is immune to problems and attacks has emerged, as happened in Paris, Brussels and Berlin, and as a result of the attacks that took place in 2016, safety measures have been increased in public places, transportation and places of crowds such as parties.
Otherwise, security incidents are limited to pickpocketing and theft, especially in group parties, where there are thousands of people, and therefore it is important to always remain safe and alert in crowds and festivals. Otherwise, Germany is known to be completely safe and peaceful. And to increase security and precaution, dear student, you must pay attention and consider the following advice:
- Always remember the emergency number in Germany, which is 112 and can be called free of charge from any phone. This number will put you in direct contact with ambulance and firefighting. As for calling the police, use this number 110.
- Contact the consulate or embassy of your country in Germany in case of serious problems.
- Keep your personal wallet in a safe place to avoid being picked up in public places, and do not keep all your belongings in one wallet so that you do not lose everything in the event of losing it.
- Avoid wandering around at night in dark, desolate places like parks, forests and deserted streets.
Be careful when using the bank card at the ATM so that no one steals your boat or your money.
- If you want to drink alcohol, do not drink alone at celebrations in anticipation of any repercussions and problems that may arise with the drunk.
The biggest challenge for international students in Germany
Perhaps coordination between study and work in addition to language difficulties are the most difficult difficulties facing new international students in Germany, but do not worry, as thousands of those who have gone through this stage accepted you and all you have to do is work, persevere and enjoy this unique experience. Do not make the difficulty of communicating with others or finding friends an obstacle in front of you, but make these difficulties a fuel that ignites the spirit of challenge within you to provide more, success and brilliance.
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